June 30, 2022
Numerous studies have shown that essential oils from aromatic and medicinal plants exhibit different biological and pharmacological properties, e.g., antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, and wound healing effects, such as in sunburns, chemical burns, radiation burns, and eczema. In folk medicine, plant extracts and essential oils play an important role as therapeutic substitutes in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases due to their antiatherogenic, hypocholesterolemic, hypotensive, and anti-inflammatory properties. The advantage of EOs in pharmacological applications is their fat solubility, low molecular weight, and small size. Moreover, isolated essential oils compounds are able to pass through the skin, mucosa, and cell membranes and thus enter the systemic body circulation.