April 5, 2023
The early period after tooth extraction is a critical period for wound healing. Wound healing after tooth extraction is considered secondary intention healing. It involves several stages as follows: hemostasis, inflammatory phase, proliferative phase, and finally the remodeling phase.
Wounds usually heal normally unless there is interference by local or systemic factors. In certain circumstances, early wound healing can be enhanced by several interventions such as antibiotics, mouthwashes, or topical medications. Myrrh has been used as a topical medication for promoting wound healing after tooth extraction. It is an aromatic resin exudate obtained from Commiphora molmol and Commiphora myrrh trees, which are species of the Burseraceae family. These species are found in southern Arabia, and from Northeast Africa to Northeast Kenya. Myrrh is chemically composed of about 30–60% of water-soluble gum, 20–40% of alcohol-soluble resin, and 3–8% of volatile oil.