February 24, 2023
Hospitalization is necessary for the intensive treatment care for the patients preparing for medical procedures. It has been reported that hospitalization causes a moderate to high anxiety levels to these patients. High levels of anxiety produce several undesirable outcomes before, during and after the procedure. Increasing heart rate, blood pressure or other sympathetic outflows, and an increasing pain sensation are common possible effects of anxiety. It has been reported that patients with high levels of anxiety need a higher sedation drug dose and are prone to have unwanted movements during sedation. In addition, the elevation of blood cortisol level has been reported in anxiety patients and induces the reduction of immune systems, causing infection or delays the wound healing.