May 14, 2022
Migraine is a type of primary neurovascular dysfunction disease, that is characterized by unilateral or bilateral pulsatile pain, and is accompanied by photophobia, phonophobia, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms IHS. Studies have shown that several mental, environmental and genetics can influence or induce a migraine. Patients with migraine experience many social, physical and psychological problems, which seriously affect their quality of life. Currently, the treatment of migraine primarily includes drug therapy, acupuncture therapy, massage therapy and aromatherapy.
The complex pathogenesis of a migraine leads to limitations in a patient's response to drugs, and specific side effects and contraindications have further limited the choice of available drugs to treat this condition. Aromatherapy is a comfortable and pleasant all-natural therapy that produces a fast and efficient effect against migraine symptoms. Its application has been evidenced in traditional Chinese medicine, as well as the records of aromatic plants in the treatment of migraine. The search was conducted in the scientific databases including Google Scholar, PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and 10 types of plant essential oils were found to be used in migraine treatment.
Aromatic plant essential oils have demonstrated pain-relieving effects on migraines, as they inhibit neurogenic inflammation and pain sensitization, and some of these oils also affect vasomotor activity. Since aromatic plant essential oils can relieve migraine effectively, these findings can be used as an important part of the development of anti-migraine drugs.