Sat, 05/20/2023 - 12:02

Essential oils have been used as remedies since ancient times for the treatment of numerous illnesses on account of their wide range of biological activities. Historical records show that essential oils were already in use more than 2000 years ago in ancient Egypt, India, Persia, Mesopotamia, and China to prevent illnesses, for the treatment of diseases and in religious ceremonies on account of their pleasant odors. Essential oil have drawn attention from scientists, practitioners, and therapists for their biological activities such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and antinociceptive properties. The use of essential oils in complementary therapies such as aromatherapy is popular in many countries and involves the administration of essential oils by inhalation, skin absorption, or ingestion for prophylactic medical care or active treatment.

February 20, 2022

The repeat use of antibiotics produce increased bacterial resistances and changes in the normal gut ecosystem. An infection that develops in the gastrointestinal tract caused by the Clostridium difficile bacterium is referred to as a C. difficile infection. Most individuals develop this type of infection because they have taken antibiotic medications to treat an unrelated infection that has thrown their gut microflora out of balance and allowed for the overgrowth of the Clostridium difficile bacterium. C. difficile  that can cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon.

 January 29, 2022

Origanum vulgare L. is a widely used aromatic plant, especially due to its content in essential oil, mainly rich in carvacrol and thymol. The ethnopharmacological uses of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil (OEO) comprise digestive, respiratory, or dermatological disorders.

The effectiveness of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil (OEO) against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria has been extensively studied. As it has been shown by an increased number of studies in the field, OEO represents an efficient alternative as an antimicrobial agent against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strain. The disinfectant and antibacterial properties of the OEO were attested for the first time in ancient Greece, where it was frequently utilized for treating bacterial skin and wound contaminations. It was also used as a food preservative.  Carvacrol and thymol represent the two primary phenols, constituting almost 78–85% of the OEO and they are responsible for the plant’s antimicrobial properties . The antibacterial activity of the OEO results from the high level of thymol which, according to Lambert et al. ties to membrane proteins and increases the permeability of the bacterial cell membrane. In the same way, carvacrol acts on bacterial cells causing structural and functional damage, which increases bacterial cell membrane permeability.

December 24, 2021

The abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a major role in cardiovascular diseases like atherosclerosis. VSMCs are found in the vascular wall and responsible for the tone and contractions of arteries, which regulate blood pressure and flow in response to specific metabolic demands.

 It has been reported that natural compounds have a positive effect on cardiovascular diseases and improve some vascular functions. One of the promising novel treatments of vascular diseases in various natural products is essential oils. EOs and their constituents are promising as therapeutic agents as they have been demonstrated to functionally improve cardiovascular disease.

October 24, 2021

Perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) is a significant health problem, which can significantly affect patient's quality of life. The main symptoms of Allergic rhinitis are nasal congestion, nasal itch, rhinorrhea, and sneezing. Perennial allergic rhinitis is very common in Western countries, affecting 20–30% of the population, and evidence suggests that the prevalence of the disorder is increasing.