March 1, 2023

Staphylococcus aureus is a commensal microbe that often causes wound infections. It is a multidrug-resistant organism that colonizes skin, wounds, the nose, the perineum, and the throat, leading to infections in various organs. MRSA is opportunistic and commonly infects wounds, which can lead to impetigo, cellulitis, cutaneous abscesses, or even life-threatening complications such as necrotizing fasciitis and pyomyositis. Approximately one in ten hospital admissions worldwide results in hospital-acquired infections and of these 8% are caused by MRSA.

Syzygium aromaticum, commonly called clove, (family-Myrtaceae), is indigenous to the islands of Indonesia. It is now cultivated worldwide as a flavoring agent, for medicinal purposes, and for use in perfumes. It is widely used as a food preservative due to its antimicrobial properties. Besides its antimicrobial properties, antioxidant, analgesic, anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, and insecticidal activity, it is also used for preventing degenerative diseases because of its antioxidant effects. Clove bud oil is a common healing agent for wounds and burns in traditional medicine. Clove oil has been reported to possess several biological activities, including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, fungicidal, and antitumor activities.

February 24, 2023

Hospitalization is necessary for the intensive treatment care for the patients preparing for medical procedures. It has been reported that hospitalization causes a moderate to high anxiety levels to these patients. High levels of anxiety produce several undesirable outcomes before, during and after the procedure. Increasing heart rate, blood pressure or other sympathetic outflows, and an increasing pain sensation are common possible effects of anxiety. It has been reported that patients with high levels of anxiety need a higher sedation drug dose and are prone to have unwanted movements during sedation. In addition, the elevation of blood cortisol level has been reported in anxiety patients and induces the reduction of immune systems, causing infection or delays the wound healing.

February 11, 2023

Aromatherapy has been one of the most common complementary and alternative treatments for psychological diseases, such as sleep disorders, anxiety, and depression. Essential oils have high efficacy with fewer side effects as compared to conventional drugs. However, the underlying mechanisms that mediate the beneficial effects of essential oils in the treatment of psychiatric disorders remain to be elucidated.

Anxiety is one of the most common mental disorders and is characterized by excessive and uncontrollable nervousness and fear. Typical subtypes of anxiety include generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia comorbidity), and phobias. The first-line medications for most anxiety subtypes are selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), including paroxetine, sertraline, citalopram, escitalopram, fluvoxamine, and fluoxetine. However, the long-term use of these SSRIs is associated with various adverse effects, such as bleeding, digestive problems, hyponatremia, excessive sweating, emotional blunting, and increased risk of suicidality.

January 30, 2023

If you are suffering from troubling aches in your muscles and joints, then no doubt wintergreen oil can be beneficial for you. Some drops of wintergreen oil and a regular massage on the aching area can do a lot better in reducing your pain.The Gaultheria procumbens wintergreen plant is a member of the Ericaceae plant family. Native to North America, especially cooler parts of the Northeast United States and Canada, wintergreen trees that produce bright red berries can be found growing freely throughout forests.

Wintergreen essential oil is extracted from the leaves of the Gaultheria procumbens evergreen plant. Once steeped in in warm water, beneficial enzymes within wintergreen leaves called methyl salicylates are released, which are then concentrated into an easy-to-use extract formula using steam distillation.

Sometimes wintergreen oil is called eastern teaberry, checkerberry or gaultheria oil. Native Americans chewed the leaves of wintergreen in order to increase respiratory capacity when they ran long distances and performed difficult labor. Settlers in early America had their children chew the leaves for several weeks each spring to prevent tooth decay. Wintergreen was used as a substitute for black tea during the Revolutionary War. Wintergreen tea has been used to relieve cold symptoms and muscle aches. Native American medicine men used to prescribe wintergreen infusions for fever. Without knowing it, they were using aspirin in its natural form. Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) provides the same secondary metabolite as the methyl salicylate in wintergreen, namely salicylic acid. A scientific publication stated that 1g of wintergreen essential has a pharmacological effect that is identical to 1.4g of aspirin! We should not forget that a great number of drugs have their origin in nature and were not just completely made up by humans.

January 13, 2023

Curcumin is a natural product obtained from the rhizome of Curcuma longa. Curcumin, a major bioactive compound in turmeric herb, is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity, which helps protect tissues and organs. Curcumin retains a comprehensive range of biological, medicinal, and pharmacological activities and has been used for many diseases and syndromes. Curcumin has demonstrated to have antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-malarial, and anticancer activities. Furthermore, the anti-thrombotic , anti-hyperlipidemic , hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory agent , anti-rheumatic, and myocardial infarction protective  effects of Curcumin were also well documented. Also, Curcumin is well-recognized for its hepatoprotective activity.

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